HBM – Horn Specifics


Thumb valve should be simply considered another valve – not considered as transposing the horn, which it actually does
Fingering facility is the most important criteria in deciding which side to use; 3 horn players = at least 4 opinions
Reason to switch – shorter tubing means you’re lower in the overtone series, therefore the notes are farther apart, and missing is less likely

Fakes recommends:  see BC, p. ______

2nd space A-flat to 3rd space C:  the fingerings are identical; if below and ascending, do not switch to B-flat until above C; if above A-flat and descending, do not switch until G; above the C = B-flat; below the A-flat = F; 2nd space bass clef C up to E = isolated notes are easier on B-flat side

on Conn horns:  best to switch after third space C because of intonation problems (no A-flat-C on B-flat side)

Right Hand/Tone

use right hand to correct major intonation problems
use embouchure to correct minor problem intonation problems
tone is darkened by closing bell
tone is brightened by opening bell; bright projects better in orchestras


Care and Maintenance of the Rotary Valve – at fac.hsu.edu/bucknej

Horn Re-Stringing – at fac.hsu.edu/bucknej


old and new  bass clef notation – Beethoven sonata

high range – high C high C = G on tpt

Lip trill – start on mouthpiece lips must move full distance; speed up, like Arban #22

Dumping H2O

Scoring          1
Reason:  two separate horn sections, in pairs, like the classical woodwinds, in tonic and dominant

Placement in band and quintets

plexiglass reflectors


keep fingers against bell and move heel of hand across to close the bell( with the big knuckles as hinges)

try to completely cut of the air with the hand – thumb knuckle must remain out

blow hard, and the pitch ends up ½ higher; player transposes everything down ½ step, not the composer

symbol:  +, stopped, gestopft (Ger.), bouche’ (Fr), chiuso (It), o-open

this is normally done only on the F side

the B-flat side must be done by pulling tuning slide 2 inches, or insert hand fatrher and transpose down 1 whole step

Echo horn – hand is not quite closed, pitch is ½-step flat, transpose – in Bozza En forêt, along with stopped

if bell up, right hand remains the same; purely a very cool visual effect

Wagner tubaWagner Tuba – (start at 0:35, end at 1:40)